Water Tank Lining, Water Tank Refurbishments, Coating & More.

We specialise in Water Tank Repair, Refurbishment, Coating, Replacing and Tank Re-lining. Regardless of size, location or type of water storage tank or structure – Tough Water Solutions Ltd will provide a safe, long-term solution for water retaining structures.

Water Tanks

Metal & Steel Water Tanks Common Corrosion Factors

The internal surfaces of steel and galvanised steel water storage tanks and structures are often excessively corroded because the coating previously applied to the internal surfaces has approached the end of its useful life. More often than not, we find the internal surfaces have been coated with a non approved paint such as bitumen. These type of coatings usually have potentially carcinogenic properties that could leach into the water supply due the tar / high solvent content as well as being no longer WRC (Water Industry Council) / WRAS (Water Regulations Advisory Scheme) or DWI (Drinking Water Inspectorate) approved for potable / drinking water storage. The coating has usually come to the end of its useful life due to sub-film corrosion, low-film build and poor chemical resistance, general deterioration and progressive surface corrosion.

If left untreated, the internal steel substrate will be endangered with a continued risk from progressive corrosion and subsequently, micro aquatic bacterial growth including Legionella (potentially, leading to Legionnaires disease), Pseudomonas and Biofilm; this can lead to further deterioration in the tanks surface structure and contamination of the down services with the supply of unhygienic and potentially harmful water to the outlets.

We are all now under and obligation to ensure that water retaining structures comply with the practical guidance of ACoP L8 and subsequently, utilize products that comply with WRAS / DWI Regulations and, therefore, maintain “the cleanliness of the system and the water in it” and avoid the “use of materials that harbour bacteria and other micro-organisms or provide nutrients for microbial growth”.
Another problem with larger, sectional steel water tanks is the mastic between the joints which, over time, begins to deteriorate and lose its elasticity.

Consequently, the structure will start to leak from these areas which can be catastrophic in many cases.

Steel Water Tanks | The Solution

The benefits for steel water storage tanks are;

  • They’re proven to resist the growth of bacteria such as micro-aquatic organisms including Legionella.
  • WRAS / DWI Approved.
  • Solvent Free Technology.
  • Extremely fast curing times, even at low temperatures.
  • High degree of flexibility, capable of accommodating structural movement and protect existing mastic filled joints.
  • Superb adhesion to steel.
  • High levels of impact and chemical resistance.
    Reduced downtime of water storage tanks, cooling towers and process vessels.
  • Long life performance with minimal maintenance.
  • Easy clean, ceramic tile-like finish.
  • Application by brush / roller or plural component spray equipment.
    Excellent track record for applications such as drinking water storage tanks, cooling towers, reservoirs etc.
  • Long term guarantee on completion.

For a complete solution to your metal & steel water tanks requirements, get in touch with us today. We work with many clients to upgrade their tanks accordingly. Get in touch today and we will be happy to consult with you.

GRP Tanks & GRP Water Tanks | The Problem

Most engineers who replace their steel water storage tanks for brand new plastic tanks or GRP water tanks believe that this is the ‘ultimate’ solution. Unfortunately, having now repaired and relined literally hundreds of GRP water tanks, we know this not to be the case. We are constantly being asked to repair and reline GRP tanks, some of which are only months old. This is because the problem faced by all engineers who are responsible for the maintenance of glass reinforced plastic tanks is that even with regular cleaning and chlorination, bacteria such as micro-aquatic organisms will continue to multiply as they are protected in the habitat provided by air filled cavities and fine cracks that often cannot be seen with the naked eye.

These cavities and cracks in the internal substrate allow bacteria to nest and proliferate. The problems start to occur when the water molecules migrating into the GRP tanks encounter other chemicals inside the laminate, primarily water-soluble materials (WSMs) such as the emulsion binders used to hold the glass mat together before it is moulded. The water molecules can then have a chemical reaction with these substances, forming larger molecules of a new chemical, often acidic – which unlike the original small water molecules, cannot carry on passing through the GRP. These larger molecules are then trapped. This is the point at which osmosis actually starts. Osmotic blistering of the GRP substrate due to water permeation can also lead to deterioration of the gel coat and, subsequently, a surface which is highly likely to harbour and promote the growth of micro-aquatic organisms.

It should be considered that, if not looked after and ignored, such internal water osmotic blisters will burst putting their contaminated contents into the potable water. These chemicals not only have a very unpleasant taste but are also toxic! For this reason, GRP is not recommended or approved by the DWI (Drinking Water Inspectorate) for drinking water storage tanks. There can also be numerous areas of corrosion to the steel fastenings which hold the glass reinforced plastic tank panels together.

Black spore fungi is also common in GRP tanks and is notorious for spreading, predominantly where there is a combination of water and air at an ambient temperature. These spores tend to multiply very quickly and produce a grey or black jelly-like growth on the internal GRP surface.

Another common fault associated with GRP water tanks is the deterioration of the mastic used between the sectional GRP tanks panels and the subsequent leaking of water. The mastic commonly used in these joints often deteriorates rapidly following years (sometimes months) of use and this, combined with the excessive structural movement of the plastic and the chemical dosing regime will lead to the eventual leaking of the tank from these jointed areas.

The consequential loss of water through these joints can be catastrophic. In our experience, there is usually no regress to the original manufacturer / supplier of GRP tank repairs because they predominantly only offer a maximum of 12 months guarantee and do not guarantee the tank against leaking!

GRP Tanks & GRP Water Tanks | The Solution

benefits for use in the repair and relining plastic potable water storage tanks and structures, some of which are highlighted as follows:

  • WRAS/DWI approved.
  • Completely Solvent Free Technology.
  • Superb adhesion to plastic tank substrates.
  • Prevents steel fasteners from corroding.
  • Provides a completely waterproof membrane, preventing any potential ingress of water which can cause osmotic blistering, air filled cavities and cracks.
  • Leaves a surface which has a tough, easy clean, ceramic, tile-like surface combined with elongation properties of up to 35% which will adequately cope with any potential movement of the plastic tank.
  • Proven to resist the growth of bacteria such as micro aquatic organisms and black spore fungi.
  • Provides protection of the existing mastic between the plastic tank joints against potential attack from chemicals and subsequent deterioration and consequential leaks.
  • High levels of impact and chemical resistance.
  • Reduced downtime due to extremely fast cure times.
  • Long life performance with minimal maintenance.
  • Superb anti-erosion/corrosion properties.
  • Long term guarantee on completion.
  • Excellent track record having been utilized for the repair and relining of plastic tanks by many high profile clients.